Electrochemical Energy Storage
ChE-605 - Highlights in Energy Research seminar series
Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne
State-of-the-art polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) require large amounts of carbon-supported platinum nanoparticle (Pt/C) catalysts (~ 0.4 mgPt/cm2geometric) to account for the large overpotential of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR).  These excessive Pt-loadings that impede widespread commercialization of PEFCs can be mitigated by increasing the catalysts’ ORR activity, e.g. by alloying platinum with other metals like Ni, Cu and Co, to form materials which show up to one order of magnitude higher mass-specific activity than commercial Pt/C catalysts. On the other hand, state-of-the art carbon-supported materials suffer from significant carbon and Pt corrosion during the normal operation of PEFCs, gradually compromising their performance. To partially overcome these stability issues, a lot of research effort is dedicated to the development of unsupported ORR catalysts. Among these materials, bimetallic alloy aerogels consisting of nanoparticles interconnected to nanochains  present an interesting option, since their extended 3D structure should facilitate transfer to actual PEFC cathodes.
In this talk, after having elucidated the high electrocatalytic activity of noble metal aerogels towards the ORR in model studies , the successful transfer of these catalysts into technical PEFC cathode environment will be presented demonstrating the practical applicability of these systems.
 A. Rabis, P. Rodriguez, T.J. Schmidt, ACS Catalysis 2 (2013) 768-800.
 W. Liu, et al., Acc. Chem. Res. 48 (2015) 154-162
 S. Henning, et al., J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) F1-F6
- Electrochemistry Laboratory, Energy & Environment Division Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland and Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Art der Veranstaltung: Vortrag/Konferenz